Construction of smart cities in India overlooks various difficulties owing to the alteration in the political environment, statistics, economic composition, to name a few. Smart City is a new translation of an upper-level Urban Collection. By building smart cities, the country is trying to recreate a better example for the living and also to solve the problems which have been produced in the means of continuous human occupancy.
Varying from state to state, nation to nation because of the difference in the Economic Structure, Demographics, Technology, and Political Environment, Smart cities could both be Greenfield (start anew) or Brownfield (on existing ones) projects where difficulties are different in both the circumstances.
The Brownfield plan or the cities with surviving infrastructure profess various socio-economic difficulties and significant dilemmas related to urbanization like the immigration from rural population to towns. Growth of urban community resulting in reduction of living spaces, many environmental concerns e.g. pollution (air, water, sound, radiation); controllable issues in depletion of natural resources; restraint in utility services (Electricity, Water quantity, Gas, etc.); problems of civic facilities (roads, waste, sanitation, sewerage, solid garbage), including growing number of social issues like crime, suicide, etc.
The Greenfield project or building a futuristic Smart city from ground-zero will pose a diverse challenge of discovering reason on why and how a migrant community could be supported by providing not just amazingly done concretized foundation and some hi-tech amenities but also will challenge providing a significant option for maintenance or earning and by implementing better facilities for relocation.
Experts are pondering over the questions as to what will be there in a Smart City. Or what they will gain through a Smart city?
Well, the answers lie in higher efficiency and optimization of the support and assistance in a comprehensive approach. The aim is to achieve a greater “quality of life,” a distinguished rank in the HDI Human Development Index. Urban dwelling in Smart cities should mean the usual cost-effective way for a citizen to gain all sorts of services at the highest attainable performance. A proper system and process shall drive the complete town and its services with insignificant discretionary authorities for decision. At the same time, the method should be able to exterminate the limitations which most citizens face today by maximizing the coveted factors which include better living standards, and excellent services, alongside minimizing undesired items.
For instance, Mumbai Health Authority will be capable of getting data in their IMS (Incident Management system), ready with the command and administration Centre of Mumbai Police. In case of a crisis when a heart patient is calling assuming he is suffering an attack, through the smart resolutions the hospital will be able to point the specific patient area which will be arranged on a GIS map automatically so that speedy aid /ambulance can visit him in shorter than 5-15 minutes.
But the question remains as to how these Smart cities will be constructed, and what will be the technology used? The Smart Cities will incorporate the utilization of data and communication technology, as well as reliable energy technologies, for the more effective management of municipal services or E-governance assistance which can be from government to governments or government to citizens. The building of a smart city covers a combination in the areas of energy management, for instance, smart grid, water management for storage, urban mobility in the form of intelligent transport, united healthcare, smart education, public protection & security, to name a few.